Do you know what Papaya is? Papaya is one of the tropical fruits which is endemic of tropics of America and Mexico and it is planted in India, South Africa, Showing results for Sri Lanka and Philippine, as well. For the first time, Papaya has been planted in Yazd in Iran and it has been sold in this country as imported fruit, too. The papaya, whose binomial name Carica papaya, is one of the species of the family Caricaceae. This plant, like other trees of this family, has a long fleshy stem and its pear shaped fruit attached to the end of this stem or trunk. This fruits is also known as Papaw or Papita, or Carica. We will discuss more about the benefits and specifications of papaya.
Specifications of Papaya
Papaya fruit is 15 to 20 centimeters in diameter. The skin is green at first and the ripe fruit is amber or orange. This fruit is watery with yellow, orange or pink flesh and soft and sweat tissue. There are many black bitter seeds within the flesh of papaya. You can use the ripe fruit uncooked. Since the raw fruit has large amount of latex, it can cause contractions; therefore, it is better to cook the fruit before using it. This fruit is commonly used in Salad and Smoothie.
Benefits of Papaya
Papaya has so many benefits. It has an enzyme called Papain which breaks down tough meat fibers and makes it easier for digestion. Papaya is full of Antioxidants such as Carotenoid, Lycopene, fiber, types of vitamins like A, C as well as minerals
Preventing Heart Diseases
Studies showed that Lycopene and Vitamin C prevent heart diseases. Since Papaya is full of Antioxidants and vitamins, it can improve the heart health and increase the protective effect of HDL or good cholesterol.
Carotenoids in this fruit prevent the cholesterol from growing plaque in arteries and can prevent heart attack. The fiber also decreases LDL or Bad cholesterol.
Papaya is good for high blood pressure. The potassium in this fruit controls the effects of Sodium and optimizes the blood flow in the vessels and controls blood pressure.
Improving Visual Perception
The orange color of this fruit is due to having Beta-Carotene which strengthens eyesight and prevent eye diseases.